Content Validity of the Heterosexist Attitudes in Sport-Gay Male Scale
Sport is a hypermasculine, heteronormative domain, historically intolerant of gay men (Anderson, 2001; Pronger, 1990). Although recently, researchers have demonstrated improving attitudes in men's sport (Anderson, 2005, 2008, 2011), male athletes and coaches still demonstrate more negative attitudes towards gay men than their female counterparts do toward lesbian athletes (Shang et al., 2012; Southall et al., 2009). One limitation to current quantitative research is that psychology-based questionnaires of heterosexist attitudes lack items specific to the athlete's experience. Applying quantitative methodology proposed by Messick (1975, 1980, 1989) and Dunn et al. (1999), the purpose of the current study was to establish the content validity of a sport-specific assessment, the Heterosexist Attitudes in Sport-Gay Male (HAS-GM) Scale.
Mullin, E.M. & Leone, J.E. (2016). Content Validity of the Heterosexist Attitudes in Sport-Gay Male Scale. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 87(S2), A31-32.
Virtual Commons Citation
Mullin, Elizabeth M. and Leone, James E. (2016). Content Validity of the Heterosexist Attitudes in Sport-Gay Male Scale. In Movement Arts, Health Promotion and Leisure Studies Faculty Publications. Paper 122.
Available at: https://vc.bridgew.edu/mahpls_fac/122