Author Information

Kyle Murphy


The goals of green chemistry are to reduce or eliminate the use of hazardous reagents, prevent the synthesis of toxic products and byproducts, and improve the overall efficiency of chemical reactions. Green chemistry is incredibly important today as chemical products are produced and used around the world, resulting in the use and generation of hazardous chemicals, and unintended consequences to human health and the environment. Figure 1 shows the 12 Principles of Green Chemistry1, developed by Paul Anastas and John Warner, which provide the framework for a sustainable future in the design of more efficient technologies to produce consumer products that are better, safer and cheaper. As the research in our group is focused on improving the efficiency of chemical reactions, Principles 1, 2, 3, 5 and 8 were applied to this project.

Note on the Author

Kyle Murphy is a graduating senior majoring in Chemistry with concentrations in Professional Chemistry as well as Environmental Chemistry. This research began in the spring of 2011 under the mentorship of Dr. Edward Brush (Chemistry) and was funded by an Adrian Tinsley Program (ATP) Summer Research Grant. It was continued with funding from the Center for Sustainability in the summer of 2012. It was further supported by the Norris-Richards Undergraduate Summer Research Scholarship from the Northeastern Section of the American Chemical Society, as well as BSU’s Center for Sustainability, in the summer of 2013.

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