Reflecting on Student Learning: Using the iPad to Collect GPAI Data

Publication Date


Document Type



Most students look forward to “playing the game” in physical education. It is often the students' desire to play the game that allows the game to be a site for meaningful learning when games are appropriately modified (Mitchell, Oslin, & Griffin, 2013). Thus, it is important to document student learning in the context of game play. Preservice teachers, however, often struggle to document and understand the impact of their instruction on student learning. A program in the College of Education and Allied Studies at Bridgewater State University requires students to purchase an IPad. Teacher candidates now have access to app-based technologies (e.g., Dartfish Easy Tag and Videotagger) and handheld digital recording for collection of Game Performance Assessment Instrument (GPAI) data. Teacher candidates learn to use the technology in their methods classes. Data were collected as part of an upper-level methods course, which includes classroom-based instruction and fieldwork in an urban high school. Participants were 16 teacher candidates, each coteaching 8 to 12 high school students in a 4-day minigames unit of instruction (water polo, volleyball, or badminton). The unit was focused on 1 tactical problem. Teacher candidates developed the criteria for the GPAI with the assistance of their professor and created the tool on their iPads. Teacher candidates were required to collect baseline GPAI data on the 1st day of instruction, to share the data with students on subsequent days, and to collect final GPAI data. With the use of an iPad and a teaching partner, teacher candidates are able to collect GPAI data and calculate selected indexes with ease throughout the unit. The process of collecting, analyzing, and sharing data with students allowed teacher candidates to better focus on student learning as they engaged in modified game play.

Original Citation

Richardson, K.P. (2016). Reflecting on Student Learning: Using the iPad to Collect GPAI Data. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 87(Sup1), S41. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2016.1200446