Traumatic Swimming Events Reprocessed with EMDR
Athletes who have experienced an upsetting competitive experience not only may perceive competition negatively but relive the upsetting performance event when they approach competition or contemplate competition which results in an increase in anxiety. EMDR was performed with competitive swimmers to aid them in reprocessing an upsetting swimming event. Their coping beliefs were measured and level of anxiety prior and after the EMDR. Vignettes are presented as examples of the changes in the athletes' level of anxiety coping beliefs after three sessions.
Graham, L. B. (2004). Traumatic swimming events reprocessed with EMDR. The Sport Journal, 7(1).
Virtual Commons Citation
Graham, Louise (2004). Traumatic Swimming Events Reprocessed with EMDR. In Counselor Education Faculty Publications. Paper 15.
Available at: http://vc.bridgew.edu/couns_ed_fac/15