Traumatic Swimming Events Reprocessed with EMDR

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Document Type



Athletes who have experienced an upsetting competitive experience not only may perceive competition negatively but relive the upsetting performance event when they approach competition or contemplate competition which results in an increase in anxiety. EMDR was performed with competitive swimmers to aid them in reprocessing an upsetting swimming event. Their coping beliefs were measured and level of anxiety prior and after the EMDR. Vignettes are presented as examples of the changes in the athletes' level of anxiety coping beliefs after three sessions.

Original Citation

Graham, L. B. (2004). Traumatic swimming events reprocessed with EMDR. The Sport Journal, 7(1).