We assume a thick gravitational lens governed by a Baltz n=1 matter density model. From the gravitational potential we then derive expressions for a Weyl tensor component and Ricci tensor component. A perturbative approach is taken to solve for the convergence and shear as given by Sach’s equation. By applying the geodesic deviation equation to a bundle of light rays with our expressions for the optical scalars we are able to derive expressions for the image shape and size at any point along the path from source to observer, in the case of an axially symmetric lens and source.
An Optical Scalar Approach to Weak Gravitation Lensing.
Undergraduate Review, 5, 64-70.
Available at: https://vc.bridgew.edu/undergrad_rev/vol5/iss1/14
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