Author Information

Lauren Towle


The purpose of this research was to investigate how Positive Behavioral Intervention and Supports (PBIS) would be considered for recreational summer programs working with children with disabilities. Working with children with disabilities such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Anxiety, and Emotional and Behavioral Disorders (ED &BD) often exhibit challenging behaviors that need interventions for support. PBIS is a well-known system that consists of three-tiers used in classroom settings to manage behavior. There are interventions in place for children who are exhibiting challenging behaviors in recreational setting, but there is no structure like the three-tier model used in classroom settings. Having three years of experience working with children with disruptive and challenging behaviors in a recreational setting, there is not enough structure and protocols for dealing with behaviors in a recreational setting. Through a literature review, the investigator examined how the three-tier model of PBIS can be considered in being implemented in recreational summer programs. Through extensive research, the examiner proposed that two-tier PBIS system could be implemented in a recreational setting due to overlapping interventions in the second and third tiers of the PBIS model as well as vast differences between a classroom setting and recreational setting.

Note on the Author

Lauren Towle is a December 2019 graduate who is now working on her master’s degree at BSU in Special Education: Moderate Disabilities, K-8. As an undergraduate student, she double-majored in Special Education: Moderate Disabilities, K-8 and English and minored in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL). Her research project was completed in Summer 2019 under the mentorship of Dr. J. Edward Carter (Special Education) and made possible with the funding provided by an Adrian Tinsley Program summer research grant. Lauren hopes to continue this research in her graduate program. After she completes her master’s degree, she plans to pursue a career as a special education teacher in an elementary school.

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