Factors Contributing to Hwabyung Symptoms among Korean Immigrants

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This article reports on findings of a study examining the factors contributing to hwabyung symptoms among Korean immigrants in the United States. Data collected from an anonymous, voluntary survey of 242 adult Korean immigrants residing in the New England metropolitan area were employed for a statistical analysis. The findings highlight the importance of coping resources, both social support and self-esteem, in explaining hwabyung symptoms. Also, the findings suggest that education attained in the United States, economic circumstance, and gender have significant impacts on hwabyung symptoms. Based on the findings, the implications for practice and future study are discussed.

Original Citation

Lee, J. (2013). Factors Contributing to Hwabyung Symptoms among Korean Immigrants. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 22(1), 17-39. https://doi.org/10.1080/15313204.2012.729175