Feminist theorist and cultural critic bell hooks was known for calling out modern-day feminists for failing to take into consideration the plight of other non-privileged women. She intricately analyzed how various factors of oppression form a web, which contributes to the complexities of women’s marginalization. The vision of hooks, thus, is a revolutionary type of feminism which is inclusive and for everybody. This means that everyone, all persons of various races or classes, should become enlightened witnesses and be a part of the struggle towards eradicating what she refers to as White Capitalist Supremacist Patriarchy. Such vision, however, seems to be already included within fourth wave feminism. Also known as digital or online feminism, the fourth wave movement has taken to heart the vision of replacing oppressive thought and action with feminist thought and action. The question that arises, however, is whether this new online society is the type of global transformation or revolutionary change that hooks envisioned. Based on hooks’ works, I examine the concepts, nuances, and problematic aspects of online feminism through the lens of bell hook’s theories. Additionally, I consider how bell hooks’ feminist framework can be used to re-envision and improve online feminism.
Biana, Hazel T.
"bell hooks and Online Feminism,"
Journal of International Women's Studies: Vol. 25:
2, Article 10.
Available at: https://vc.bridgew.edu/jiws/vol25/iss2/10