Does Entrepreneur Gender Matter for Entrepreneurial Motivation: Answers from Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) of Assam
With regard to SGD-5, this study attempts to examine the association between entrepreneur’s gender and their entrepreneurial motivation and to discover if entrepreneur’s gender influences the motivation. The study further tries to see if entrepreneurial motivation varies on the grounds of entrepreneur’s gender. Based on a qualitative approach, the study uses interview data of 320 MSME entrepreneurs from Assam, India. Two hypotheses—there is no association between entrepreneur’s gender and the entrepreneurial motivation (H01) and there is no significant difference between the mean rank of male and female entrepreneurs with respect to their motivational factors (H02)—are postulated and tested using Chi-Square and Mann Whitney test respectively. The Chi-Square and Cramer’s V test findings corroborate a strong, positive, and significant association between (H01) entrepreneur’s gender and their entrepreneurial motivations and further the Mann Whitney analysis acknowledged that motivational factors significantly vary across entrepreneur’s gender (H02) refuting the earlier studies. Due to society’s gender perceptions, the relationship between entrepreneurial motivations and entrepreneurship differs between males and females. Men are relatively more drawn towards entrepreneurship than women. Male entrepreneurs are largely the outcome of force (46.9%), create (26.9%), and chance (26.3%) while females are of chance (55.6%), force (30.6%), and create (13.8%) motivational factors. From a policy perspective, female empowering policies should be of two-fold viz., first to economically strengthen them and second to spread awareness about their legal rights.
Sarmah, Ankita; Saikia, Bedabrat; and Tripathi, Dhananjay
"Does Entrepreneur Gender Matter for Entrepreneurial Motivation: Answers from Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) of Assam,"
Journal of International Women's Studies: Vol. 23:
5, Article 3.
Available at: https://vc.bridgew.edu/jiws/vol23/iss5/3