Maternal mortality is one of the most serious public health concerns around the globe especially in developing countries like India. WHO estimated that almost 40% of pregnant women and 42% of children less than 5 years of age are anaemic globally and one-third of all women of reproductive age is also anaemic, and around half of maternal deaths in the world occur due only to anaemia. But the prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women in India has marginally declined as reported by the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS). Using secondary data provided by NFHS, the study reveals that the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in India as well as in Assam has declined sharply during the period from 1998 to 2018. The improvement in this maternal health aspect is associated with a drastic decline of all types of anaemia including mild, moderate and severe, which is also observed in the state of Assam. Additionally, the share of women in Assam who received maternal cares during various NFHS rounds shows considerable rise in terms of receiving Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) tablets, Tetanus Toxoid (TT) vaccine, antenatal care (ANC) and delivery assisted by health professionals. The study also finds that the proportion of moderately or severely thin women in Assam is greater than the national average whereas the proportion of obese and overweight women in the state is very less compared to the national level. Moreover, the consumption of nutritious food and iodized salt intake by Assamese women is satisfactory in the country.
Ahmed, Abdur Rashid
"Health Issues of Mothers in Assam:An Analytical Assessment of National Family Health Surveys,"
Journal of International Women's Studies: Vol. 23:
1, Article 6.
Available at: https://vc.bridgew.edu/jiws/vol23/iss1/6