This paper aims to dissect and analyze the trends of domestic violence against women in India. It will explore the factors contributing to the risk and prevalence of violence against women following the implementation of the Domestic Violence Act of India in 2005. This study also assesses the magnitude of violence that makes women vulnerable. In addressing the above-mentioned objective, this study has used data from the National Family and Health Survey collected in 2005-06 and 2015-16. In the first stage of analysis, the magnitude of violence was estimated using socio-economic and demographic measures. In the second stage, the risk of violence on women was assessed by using the logistic regression model. The study reveals that physical violence has declined, but sexual and emotional violence has been on the rise since the implementation of the Domestic Violence Act of India in 2005. It has been observed that though the Indian patriarchal structure gives scope and room for domestic violence, it has moved from physical to sexual or verbal abuse and emotional trauma. Further, the key contributions of this study are to underpin the shifting of violence (physical to sexual) in India and to understand the dynamics of violence under the umbrella of the Domestic Violence Act of India, 2005 framework.

Note on the Author

Archana Singh completed her PhD from Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi, India. She started working as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at The Centre for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy (CSSEIP), Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. In her PhD dissertation, she analyzed the theoretical and applied forms of violence, and her research interests lie in the fields of social exclusion, gender, caste/class, and feminist issues.

Pushpendra Singh completed his PhD from the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India. He started working as a Scientist ‘B’ (Social Science) at TERI School of Advanced Studies (TERI-SAS), New Delhi. His areas of interest are Health Economics, Gender, and Women in Development.