Usha Rana


This study examines the deep-rooted socio-cultural practices of institutional prostitution, which is one of the factors contributing to sex trafficking in Central India. There are some states where women and girls are vulnerable to trafficking. The Honorable Supreme Court of India became aware of the issue and directed the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) to make a special report on the missing women and children. According to the NCRB report, Madhya Pradesh (M.P.) state ranks first in child trafficking and third in women's trafficking. The study discusses traditional prostitution practices among some communities in the state, such as Banchhada, Bedia, and Kanjar. They have long been involved in institutional prostitution and sex trafficking. These communities depend on prostitution proceeds from their sisters and daughters to survive. So, they prepare them to become prostitutes right from the beginning of their lives. Communities justify their practices as the traditions and customs of their culture. This study uses secondary and primary data to understand and analyze the hidden factors of culture-based prostitution and trafficking in Central India. The study's findings address the unconscious practices of communities that are responsible for the means of unconventional survival. Various parameters, including poverty, unemployment, and illiteracy, have contributed to these crimes.

Author Biography

Usha Rana is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology and Social Work in Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Sagar, MP, India, and she is pursuing her Ph.D. from the same Department. She received M.A. and M.Phil. degrees in Sociology from Jiwaji University, Gwalior, MP, India, in 2006 and 2010, respectively. She is a member of the International Sociological Association, and Life Member of the Indian Sociological Society and IAWS. Her research interests are cultural studies, gender studies, and prostitution.