This article provides a multidisciplinary overview and synthesis of recent scholarship on strategies to increase women’s civic and political participation in the developing world. Using a systematic method for meta-analysis, we identify points of consensus in the literature as well as debates and gaps where future research on strengthening women’s participation is needed. Strategies to increase women's civic and political participation that emerge in the literature include: establishing quotas to enhance women's representation; using social media platforms to mobilize women and amplify their voices; implementing policies and programs that target women as participants or beneficiaries; and mobilizing women through their intersecting identities. We discuss the opportunities inherent in these strategies, as well as their limits. A secondary goal of this article is to provide a useful guide to recent English language literature on women’s civic and political participation for an international women's studies audience. The article includes a link to our Rapid Knowledge Map (RKM, a searchable excel file) that summarizes information about the over 400 studies that we reviewed using an adapted version of the Cochrane method. We hope this resource will be of use to other scholars.
Lean, Sharon F.; Eckert, Stine; Jun, Kyu-Nahm; Gerring, Nicole; Lacouture, Matthew; Liu, Juan; and Walter, Amanda Lauren
Women’s Civic and Political Participation in the Developing World: Obstacles and Opportunities.
Journal of International Women's Studies, 22(9), 190-206.
Available at: https://vc.bridgew.edu/jiws/vol22/iss9/13