Jihan Zakarriya


This paper attempts to trace green trends in contemporary political activism in Egypt. Taking into consideration the long, deep-rooted history of military rule in the country, it examines the interconnection between the concepts of security and resistance. The paper specifically focuses on post-2011 grassroots, civil and opposition movements in Egypt, arguing that they share and adopt green concerns with nonviolent, comprehensive activism that relate and politicize different forms of environmental, gender, socio-economic, and political violence. In this sense, to fight patriarchy and the militarization and securitization of public spaces and daily activities in Egypt, post-revolutionary activists, feminists, and opposition movements adopt a hybrid green perspective relating to human-environmental equality and wellbeing. They approach the violent practices of successive 21st-century regimes in Egypt, particularly in the post-2011 era, and security apparatuses as one systematic strategy of patriarchy and corruption. Such awareness of the unequal distribution of insecurity and political inclusion offers a deep-level perspective of inequality among Egyptians, their rights, and their environments.

Author Biography

Jihan Zakarriya is an Assistant Professor at AIAS, Aarhus University.