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Abstract

India has observed the most devastating increase in cases of diabetes today—especially Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The high prevalence of diabetes mellitus is due to rapid urbanization of the suburban regions. Diabetes mellitus continues to increase as a result of rapid cultural and social changes, such as increasing urbanization, ageing populations, dietary changes, reduced physical activity, and unhealthy behavior. Development and maintenance of healthy lifestyle behaviors can be the most effective strategy in reducing complications and premature death among women living with T2DM. There is currently insufficient information available on the prevalence of T2DM and associated factors in the women population of Bengaluru. With this context, the present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its association with various risk factors among the women population of Bengaluru, Karnataka. Diabetes was found to be prevalent in women in the under 40 years of age group and was prevalent in all categories of workers, i.e., heavy, moderate, and sedentary. Most of the detected diabetes cases had a Body Mass Index (BMI) >25 and Waist Hip Ratio (WHR) > 0.85, both risk factors for the development of diabetes. Most of them had a positive family history and didn't exercise or practice dietary restrictions. The association between increasing age, low educational status, obesity, waist circumference, and diabetes mellitus was found to be significant. It was observed that the association between family history of diabetes and other risk factors in females and diabetes mellitus was highly significant.

Note on the Author

Sangeetha Menon holds a doctorate in Microbiology and is currently an Assistant professor in the Department of Life Sciences, Kristu Jayanti College, Bangalore, India, and is a member of the Women's Empowerment Cell of the College. She has more than 13 years of experience in teaching and research and is actively involved in the empowerment of girls and women. She believes in gender equality and equal employment opportunities for women. She can be contacted at sangeethamenon@kristujayanti.com.

Shweta Sharma has a doctorate in Biochemistry and is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Life Sciences, Kristu Jayanti College, Bangalore, India. She has over two years of research and teaching experience.

Manikandan Kathirvel has a doctorate in Microbiology and Biotechnology and is an Assistant Professor at Department of Life Sciences, Kristu Jayanti College, Bangalore, India. He has over three years of research and teaching experience.

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