National identity and nationalism have continued to influence economic, social, and political behavior despite their fluidity in a globalized and modernized world. Drawing on Benedict Anderson’s concept of “imagined communities” and the Social Identity Theory by Henri Tajfel and John Turner, national identity as a part of social identity is dynamic and plastic. It is relatively influenced by external and internal factors of individuals, including time and space. This fluid trait makes national identity difficult to explain and measure. This study utilizes a qualitative method based on secondary sources to analyze national identity attachment variables that affect it by focusing on the individual level. This study found that education, age, gender, ethnicity, religion, and media access have contributed to an individual’s national identity attachment. This study may contribute to improving the literature for understanding national identity attachment in diverse societies, analyzing its political behavior, and address the problems of racism or ethnoreligious-linguistic conflicts. By extension, it may also lead to better policymaking.

Author Biography

Tri Windari has a Bachelor of Arts in Politics and Governance from Gadjah Mada Univ., Indonesia, 2002; Master of Arts in Political Sci. from Western Michigan Univ., USA, 2020; Master of Arts in International Politics from the Univ. of Melbourne, Australia, 2008; a PhD candidate at Western Michigan University; Interdisciplinary Studies Doctorate in Political Sociology; a lecturer at Lambung Mangkurat University, South Kalimantan, Indonesia, Faculty of Social and Political Science. Their email is tri.windari@wmich.edu.