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Abstract

This research explored whether the MENA region countries have adopted sufficient legal provisions that encouraged females to access the labor market. A documental collection, revision, and analysis were performed to enhance our understanding of statutory provisions that were adopted by 13 countries through the MENA region to encourage and facilitate access of women to the labor market. Findings showed that the governments of the different studied countries made considerable efforts to comply with the international legal norms and protect the female workers. Among other things, the findings suggest that the MENA countries need to offer more legal protections to guarantee equity between workers, maintain the principle to be treated equally without discrimination and facilitate access of women to the labor market. Additionally, legal frameworks, work-family policies as working from home and flexible working hours, need to become more coherent, and more effort needs to be directed towards proper implementation and practice primarily in the private sector. These findings also suggest a unified treatment between male and female workers, whether they work in the public or the private sector.

Note on the Author

Dr. Chokri Kooli is visiting Assistant Professor at The Telfer School of Management, University of Ottawa, Canada. He earned a Doctorate (Ph.D.) in Economics from the school for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (EHESS). He performs research in Public policy, Economics of development, Economics of education, Ethics, Labor, gender and Health Economics.

Dr. Hend Al Muftah is Associate professor and Vice president of Administration and Finance at Doha Institute for Graduate Studies, since 2015. She is also a member of Qatar’s Shura Council since 2017. She has more than 17 years of experience in different leadership positions. Her research interest includes human capital, education, and women’s issues.

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