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Abstract

The smart city has become one of the many ways to solve the problems of contemporary urban environments. The sustainable integration of technology, people and institutions is essential in urban planning. However, utilizing technology in city management with the Internet of Things (IoT) in smart cities will not be sustainable without ensuring that the community is prepared. The involvement of all societies and persons, as agents of implementation and technology users, requires a gender-responsive approach to social innovation in the urban management. With regard to this issue, the purpose of this paper is to describe the importance of the human aspect of technology orientation through a gender-responsive approach in social innovation for the sustainable smart city. The method used in this study is a combination of several data collection techniques, which are in the form of literature studies, online surveys, and structured interviews. The results show that in terms of planning and management of the city, it is necessary for all communities to achieve social justice by using gender responsive approaches. Social innovation done in smart cities requires an understanding of technology users through community empowerment, especially for women. Women and men should have equal rights and opportunities in the application of the technology. Therefore, various capacity building efforts for women must take place on multiple levels, with the integration and support from the collaboration of all stakeholders. This amounts to a paradigm shift in both the planning policies, regulation and management of smart cities. Cooperation among all parties is critical, whether in partnership or collaboration between government and private parties and other institutions that prioritize public services for the community. This study contributes a social learning framework in strengthening citizens’ preparedness to participate in future smart cities.

Note on the Author

Donna Asteria is a lecturer in the Department of Communication Sciences, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Indonesia. The author has carried out research in gender studies since 2001. Her interest is related to her master's educational background in women’s studies, also supported by her PhD in environmental science. She is also involved in women's empowerment activities, related to environmental management issues, community empowerment, environmental communication, and environmental education in gender perspective. e-mail: donna@ui.ac.id

Janice Jacob Kayan Jap is a second-year environmental science student at Universitas Indonesia. She received a bachelor's degree in environmental science from University of Washington (UW) USA. In her previous research experience, she mostly did field works related to GIS mapping for UW Bothell’s wetlands database as well as benthic bottom macroinvertebrates and algal bloom sampling for Washington State’s annual stream and lake quality assessment. Currently, she is researching urban agriculture and its role in supporting urban sustainability in Jakarta.

Dyah Utari is a lecture in the Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran”, Jakarta. The author's research experience is on gender, occupational health and safety. Some recent research has focused on the issues of women and health which is one of the problems in developing countries.

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