Socialist feminist theory has assumed that patriarchy and capitalism are the main sources of women's limited roles and related attitudes in society. Informed by this theory and using the data from the World Values Survey wave six, this study aimed at analysing the factors influencing individuals’ attitudes towards women’s employment and gender roles in Rwandan society. A hierarchical multiple regression modelling method was used to analyse data through R and SPSS statistics programs. The main findings yielded by three research models show that Rwandans express ambivalent attitudes toward women’s work and gender roles, comprising both traditional and non-traditional attitudes. Women, young people, highly educated people, private-sector workers and people who rarely use mass media have non-traditional attitudes while men, old people, less educated people, public sector workers, and media-heavy users hold traditional attitudes toward gender roles. Overall, these results bear important theoretical implications as they broaden the existing literature by arguing that patriarchy and capitalism are not the only factors determining peoples’ attitudes on women’s employment and gender roles as claimed by socialist feminist theory. Instead, the study suggests that additional dynamics including gender, age, educational level, job sectors, and mass media factors work together to shape individuals’ attitudes on women’s work and gender roles.

Author Biography

Dr. Nadine Mumporeze is an experienced researcher and a women’s rights activist with a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in sociology and a demonstrated work experiences in different industries including higher education industry, research industry, special educational needs industry, and health industry. Informed by qualitative and quantitative research methods, her current and past research interests focus on, but not limited to, gender equality; gender and digital technologies; women political inclusion; gender sexual harassment; gender roles’ attitudes; gender and migration; social media and migration; human resources management; and special educational needs.