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Abstract

The focus of the research is whether there is a relationship between the behaviour of pregnant mothers and the mothers of children under five and their children’s dental health and growth. This is in addition to any predisposing, enabling and reinforcing factors. This study is intended to reveal the following two key points: 1) to identify the level of knowledge of pregnant women and the mother of toddlers about oral health in children under five and 2) to identify effective models of empowerment for pregnant women and the mothers of toddlers to prevent dental and oral cavity diseases in the low-income communities of East Java Province. This research is a quantitative study with a cross-sectional study approach. The number of subjects totalled 300 people. The criteria of the subjects were that they were pregnant women or the mothers of children under five of a middle to lower socioeconomic status. This study revealed that the knowledge factor of the pregnant women and the mothers of children under five regarding the children's dental health is not directly related to the behaviour of the mothers regarding the health of their mothers and children. Likewise, the enabling and reinforcing factors do not directly affect the behaviour of the mothers. These 3 factors (predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing), when added together, will result in maternal behaviour.

Note on the Author

Thalca Hamid is a professor in Dentistry at Universitas Airlangga. She obtained a bachelor’s degree at Airlangga University, a master’s degree at the University of New South Wales, and a doctorate that she obtained from the University of Sydney.

Satiti Kuntari is a lecturer in the Faculty of Dental at Universitas Airlangga. She joined the East Java Pediatric Dentist Association.

Naila Marzuqi is an alumna of the Faculty of Dental, Universitas Airlangga. She has completed her professional education in pediatric dentistry.

Mutia Fauziah is an alumna of the Faculty of Dental, Universitas Airlangga. She has completed her professional education in pediatric dentistry and currently practices in Jakarta.

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