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Abstract

The present study compares identity statuses among three groups of women: Iranian, Lebanese and Lebanese immigrants in Iran. The age of the samples varies from 22 to 33 years old. Persian and Arabic versions of The Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status (EOM-EIS-2) were distributed to 39 Iranian women, 40 Lebanese women residing in their home country and 39 Lebanese immigrant women in Iran chosen by convenience sampling. The data was analyzed using inferential statistical models related to independent groups, ANOVA and Post-Hoc tests. The findings showed no significant differences in identity statuses between the groups, although one sub-scale (ideological moratorium identity status) was significantly more prominent among Iranian women in comparison to local Lebanese. Furthermore, there was a significant negative correlation between one EOM-EIS subscale, interpersonal moratorium identity status, and the length of the immigrants’ residency. The findings of this study indicate the role cultural factors play in psychological structures, especially in identity formation.

Note on the Author

Fatima M. Paz (Argentinian-Lebanese) has graduated from Tarbiat Modares University, where she received her Master’s in Science degree in General Psychology. This article has been extracted from her thesis research that was titled: A cross-cultural comparative study of identity status and emotional regulation in three distinct groups of women: Iranian, Lebanese, and Lebanese residents in Iran. Her research interests include the interaction between culture and different psychological phenomena.

Dr. Kazem Rasoolzade Tabatabaee is an Associate Professor in the Psychology department of Tarbiat Modares University (Tehran, Iran). He has over twenty years of experience in teaching different subjects of the field (especially statistical methods) for M.Sc and Ph.D students. H has supervised 170 Masters’ theses and 20 doctoral dissertations. Over the years he has published a hundred and thirty scientific articles in national and international journals. He is also the author of eight psychology books.

Maryam Esmaeilinasab has received her Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Ph.D. degrees in Psychology, specifically Clinical Psychology. She is currently an Assistant Professor and faculty member of Tarbiat Modares University. She has also been a psychoanalyst for 14 years and a manager of a psychological center. Her research interests include psychoanalysis, cultural psychology, qualitative research, and psychology of emotion.

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