This article explores the role of Somali women in the twentieth-century history of modern Somalia. This includes exploring the role of women in the decolonisation and post-colonial movements and gender changes during the military dictatorship. The article examines women’s social movements that made some significant changes in Somalia over the past seventy years, even though these have not paved the way for fruitful results. In demonstrating that the current attempts to position themselves in political circles by Somali women has its roots during the decolonisation and post-colonial successive Somali governments, the article argues that women failed to benefit from their feminist agenda as the notion of governmentality changed on the way–from democratisation to the dictatorial military regime.

Author Biography

Mohamed Haji Ingiriis is a Somali scholar specialising in Somali Studies and pursuing a doctorate in African Studies and History at Oxford University. He is a researcher at the Help Somalia Foundation in London. Associate Editor for the Journal of Somali Studies, he is also a book reviews editor for the Journal of the Anglo-Somali Society. Previously studying at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, he obtained an M.A. in History from the Departments of Anthropology and History at Goldsmiths, University of London, and an M.Sc. in Organisation and Community Development from the Department of Social Sciences and Humanities at London Metropolitan University. Both his dissertations were achieved with a distinction.