Donors face difficulties when handling gender concerns in the context of ongoing changes in aid modalities. Against this background, the European Union (EU) Member States and the European Commission (EC) adopted the EU Plan of Action on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Development (2010-2015) and launched, in collaboration with the UN Women and the International Training Center of the International Labour Organisation, the ‘Increasing Accountability in Financing for Gender Equality’ programme. Within the framework of this programme, the EU delegation in Rwanda has elaborated a Gender Mainstreaming Strategy for the EC sector budget support to the Agriculture Sector in Rwanda. Given that, so far, experiences with gender mainstreaming in sector budget programmes in the agriculture sector are hardly documented, the review of the current degree of gender-sensitivity and the remedying gender mainstreaming strategy are also the focus of our contribution. Both the EC and Rwanda are interesting cases as the former is an influential actor in development cooperation, while Rwanda’s own commitment to gender equality gives the EC (and other donors) an interesting entry point to further trigger gender mainstreaming through (sector) budget support.

Author Biography

Nathalie Holvoet holds a Ph.D. in economics and is a lecturer at the Institute of Development Policy and Management, University of Antwerp. Her main areas of expertise are 'gender and development' and 'monitoring and evaluation'. Research interests in the area of gender and development include in particular gender budgeting, gender and changing aid modalities, gender and microfinance, intrahousehold resource allocation.

Liesbeth Inberg holds an MA in geography and an MA in advanced development studies. She is a researcher at the Institute of Development Policy and Management, University of Antwerp. Research interests include aid policies with a particular focus on monitoring and evaluation and gender and development issues.