Document Type



This paper will focus on the past and contemporary systemic discrimination of the Mexican and Mexican American communities in Texas and California. I will first discuss how, despite being considered citizens at the federal level since the enactment Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, Mexicans and their descendants were subject to de facto segregation policies, discriminatory economic and social practices at the local and State levels, and numerous acts of violence. They were racialized as “others” in terms of language, customs, and supposed inferior morality. In addition, I will explain the numerous factors that have, in the past and present, physically and psychologically isolated Mexican Americans and relegated them to a powerless position in US society. Lastly, I will explain how the stigmatization of Latinx people has resulted in the contemporary “Juan Crow” period in which Latinx people are criminalized, incarcerated, and deported in masses and subject to the racist stereotype that they are all “illegal” criminals.



Thesis Comittee

Dr. José I. Lara, Thesis Advisor
Dr. Fernanda Ferreira, Committee Member
Dr. Alba F. Aragón, Committee Member