Jade Monte



Document Type



Pre-existing literature has shown that the education system needs to re-evaluate mathematical teaching practices in a manner that can boost students’ confidence in mathematics. Thus, the research is to investigate the use of manipulatives in reducing students’ anxiety by increasing their learning experience and engagement in mathematics. Furthermore, the purpose of this thesis is to explain the interconnectedness of math manipulatives, student engagement, and problem-solving. An in-depth literature review is conducted, which contains definitions, important benefits and methodologies of manipulatives, as well as the teacher’s role regarding these three terms. When manipulatives, student engagement, and problem-solving are in harmony, students can achieve intellectual comprehension of abstract mathematical concepts. The thesis will conclude with a list of future research ideas and recommendations to strengthen mathematical teaching practices.


Elementary Education and Mathematics

Thesis Comittee

Dr. Jacquelynne Boivin, Thesis Advisor

Dr. Nguyenho Ho, Thesis Advisor

Dr. Rebecca Metcalf, Committee Member

Dr. Jeanne Carey Ingle, Committee Member

Copyright and Permissions

Original document was submitted as an Honors Program requirement. Copyright is held by the author.