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Abstract

Poverty is a risk factor for intimate partner violence (IPV); however, little is known about the economic state at which women are no longer at risk for IPV due to their economic status, which is economic solvency. A Model of Economic Solvency in women has been developed from the literature that includes four factors: human capital, social capital, sustainable employment, and independence. The purpose of this research is to validate the model in a sample of women reporting IPV. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed to test the model using data from 280 abused women. Examination of the model yielded adequate fit with the data, indicating that the model is valid for use with women reporting IPV. The validation of the model offers strength of association between constructs and can be used to plan interventions to improve economic solvency in abused women to potentially reduce violence and facilitate recovery.

Note on the Author

Dr. Gilroy is a Senior Grant Project Manager at Texas Woman’s University. She has a PhD in Nursing Science. Her clinical background is pediatric and public health nursing. Dr. Gilroy has worked as a co-investigator for the past 7 years on the Mother Child Study: A Seven Year Prospective Study to Inform Practice and Policy. She has also spearheaded efforts to learn more about economic solvency and its effects on violence in the Houston area. Her work has been presented around the world in scientific journals, conferences, and workshops. Dr. Gilroy hopes to continue her work in economic solvency to eventually construct interventions to decrease poverty-based risk for intimate partner violence.

Judith McFarlane, Dr. PH, RN

Nina Fredland, PhD, RN

Sandra Cesario, PhD, RN

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