Title

6-hour Advances Alter Circadian Activity Patterns, Fasting Glucose and Insulin Levels in C57BL6/J Mice

Publication Date

2016

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Chronobiological disruptions, including shift-work, have been linked to a number of disorders such as fatigue and diabetes. Additionally, there is evidence to support that exercise can not only counteract fatigue and the onset of diabetes, but also alleviate the other negative symptoms associated with shift-work. Therefore, the present study investigated the effects of wheel-running and monthly 6-hour phase advances on the circadian locomotor activity patterns and glucose and insulin levels in C57BL6/J mice. 6-hour phase advances produced decreases in fasting glucose and increases in insulin, and wheel-running was able to alleviate the spike in insulin secretion. Additionally, mice experiencing the shift increased their food intake, despite having no change in body mass. Circadian wheel-running activity was also altered in phase advanced mice. These results provide further evidence that chronobiological disruptions can lead to alterations in physiology and behavior, and that exercise can alleviate some of those symptoms.

Original Citation

Nascimento, N.F., Hicks, J.A., Carlson, K.N., Hatzidis, A., Amaral, D.N., & Seggio, J.A. (2016). 6-hour Advances Alter Circadian Activity Patterns, Fasting Glucose and Insulin Levels in C57BL6/J Mice. Biological Rhythm Research, 47(1), 133-143. doi: 10.1080/09291016.2015.1088188.