Author Information

Shyla Stokes
Richard Stumpenhagen


The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was established in 1994 to enable various industries to remain competitive in the North American market and to increase trilateral trade among Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Since Donald Trump came into office as President of the United States, there has been potential for reform of NAFTA, and the impact needs to be examined (North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)). The impact of NAFTA on the trucking industry is explored in this study, as the majority of trilateral trade is conducted by trucks crossing borders, which requires freedom of transit.

President Trump intends to renegotiate trade agreements, especially with Canada and Mexico. Through these negotiations, the United States seeks to support higher-paying jobs in the United States and to grow the U.S. economy by improving U.S. opportunities to trade with Canada and Mexico (NAFTA). On the other hand, “Mexico has asked the United States to allow its trucks on U.S. roads, and [this] was promised in the first NAFTA agreement but withdrawn by the U.S. Congress, so Mexico is also looking for an anticorruption clause” (Amadeo, 2018). Mexico and Canada do not share the same concerns. Canada is looking for the end of tariffs from the United States on products such as lumber and dairy. Those areas would impact trade and have a trickle effect on the trucking industry, although changes are not likely since there has not been much progress in the negotiation meetings (Amadeo, 2018). It has also been said “that upwards of 60% of NAFTA trade is truck-based … so there is probably little replacement for this trade coming from anywhere since these are the U.S. land borders,” although rail would be the second leading mode (US Trade Experts, 2017). Taking into account all of this information, this research explores which aspects of NAFTA would be affected more than others in a renegotiation. This study uses a strategic audit approach to make recommendations that seek to keep trucking companies involved in trade and with NAFTA.

Note on the Author

Shyla Stokes graduated from Bridgewater State University in May 2018 with a Bachelor’s degree in Accounting and Finance, with a concentration in Accounting and minors in Management and Sociology. She is currently continuing her education at Bridgewater, working toward a Master of Science of Accountancy.

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