Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Comments

Submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Criminal Justice in the Graduate College of Bridgewater State University, 2017.

Degree Program

Criminal Justice

Degree Type

Master of Science


Mass incarceration is primarily caused by harsh sentencing policies. But another contributing factor is the recidivism of parolees. There are several definitions of recidivism including relapse into behaviors associated with crime (technical violations), or committing crime. Criminal Justice agencies are organizations whose behavior may be better understood by looking at organizational theory. Organizational theory is a self-correcting model in which outcomes of prior decisions provide feedback to influence future decision in organizations. This study utilizes organizational theory to explore the relationship between the open systems theoretical model and the tolerance of risk of parolees. Seek to answer whether correctional populations are also driven by parole decisions that are worsening mass incarceration. In addition, we seek to understand the extent to which external pressures on parole agencies drives parole violations, reincarcerations and ultimately contribute to the problem of mass incarceration. Policy implications are discussed.


Carolyn Petrosino (chair)

Robert Grantham

Wendy Wright

Included in

Criminology Commons