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This article lays a foundational groundwork of what is currently known regarding creativity and music education to encourage future research. It explores principal research avenues within various scholarly journals related to creativity and music education, including definitions of creativity, empirical measures of creativity, and effects of music instruction on general creativity scores. Definitions (and, consequently, assessments) of creativity fall into three general categories: product based, process based, and performance based. These definitions have generated a number of new theories and tests designed to assess the creativity of products and individuals.


The version posted to Virtual Commons is the author’s pre-print version.

Original Citation

Running, D. J. (2008). Creativity research in music education: A review (1980-2005). Update: Applications of Research in Music Education 27(1), 41-48.

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