Publication Date


Document Type



Objective: This manuscript summarizes the best available scholarly evidence related to anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) as a reference for health care professionals, including athletic trainers, educators, and interested others.

Background: Health care professionals associated with sports or exercise should understand and be prepared to educate others about AAS. These synthetic, testosteronebased derivatives are widely abused by athletes and nonathletes to gain athletic performance advantages, develop their physiques, and improve their body image. Although AAS can be ergogenic, their abuse may lead to numerous negative health effects.

Recommendations: Abusers of AAS often rely on questionable information sources. Sports medicine professionals can therefore serve an important role by providing accurate, reliable information. The recommendations provide health care professionals with a current and accurate synopsis of the AAS-related research.

Original Citation

Kersey, Robert D., Elliot, Diane L., Goldberg, Linn, Kanayama, Gen, Leone, James E., Pavlovich, Mike, Pope, Harrison G. (2012). National Athletic Trainers' Association Position Statement: Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids. Journal of Athletic Training47(5), 567-588.