03: The Teneral State


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Creation Date



Once odonates have fully emerged, they fly weakly to a more protected place to continue their maturation in which then exoskeleton hardens and the wings dry out. Individuals in this stage (which lasts an hour or so) are called teneral.

Shown here, is a teneral calico pennant (Celithemis elisa) with very wings still folded back in a way that is untypical of dragonflies. Note the very shiny wings that a typical of the teneral state.

About the Traveling Exhibit

A series of ten large (approximately 20” x 24”) photographs (on aluminum) which illustrate the life cycle of these insects is available as a traveling exhibition. Accompanying text and captions (on separate panels) provide further information and describe the illustrated behaviors. A companion website (http://www.frg-photo.com/ode_exhibit/) expands on the exhibit by providing additional photographs and links to further information.

This exhibit is designed to inform the general public and is appropriate for display in venues such as schools, public libraries, and nature sanctuary visitor’s centers. The standard loan period is one month; use of the images is available at no cost.

Please contact the artist, Frank Gorga (frank@frg‐photo.com), for further information or to arrange an exhibit.

Rights and Permissions

This photograph may be used for projected presentations in a non-profit educational setting only. Any other uses are strictly prohibited except with permission from the photographer (Frank R. Gorga: frank@frg-photo.com).