Practical Murine Hematopathology: A Comparative Review and Implications for Research

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Hematologic parameters are important markers of disease in human and veterinary medicine. Biomedical research has benefited from mouse models that recapitulate such disease, thus expanding knowledge of pathogenetic mechanisms and investigative therapies that translate across species. Mice in health have many notable hematologic differences from humans and other veterinary species, including smaller erythrocytes, higher percentage of circulating reticulocytes or polychromasia, lower peripheral blood neutrophil and higher peripheral blood and bone marrow lymphocyte percentages, variable leukocyte morphologies, physiologic splenic hematopoiesis and iron storage, and more numerous and shorter-lived erythrocytes and platelets. For accurate and complete hematologic analyses of disease and response to investigative therapeutic interventions, these differences and the unique features of murine hematopathology must be understood. Here we review murine hematology and hematopathology for practical application to translational investigation.

Original Citation

O’Connell, K.E., Mikkola, A.M., Stepanek, A.M., Vernet, A., Hall, C.D., Sun, C.C., Yildirim, E., Staropoli, J.F., Lee. J.T., & Brown, D.E. (2015). Practical Murine Hematopathology: A Comparative Review and Implications for Research. Comparative Medicine 65(2), 96-113.