Body image, defined by Cash and Pruzinsky (2002), as “the multifaceted psychological experience of embodiment,” is a combination of attitudes, thoughts, emotions, and behaviors regarding one’s body. Of particular interest to this study are the concepts of evaluation of appearance and investment in appearance. Appearance evaluation refers to one’s feelings of how attractive they consider their body to be, and how satisfied they are with their believed level of attractiveness (Cash, 2000). Appearance orientation refers to how much importance an individual places on attractiveness and how invested that individual is in appearance, often measured by grooming behaviors (Cash, 2000). Body image is an important research area due to the effects a negative body image can have upon self-esteem, eating, and exercising behaviors; which can further lead to problems such as anxiety disorders, depression, and problems with sexual functioning (Cash & Pruzinsky, 2004).
A Cross-National Examination of Body Image and Media Exposure Comparisons Between Jordanian and American Women.
Undergraduate Review, 7, 14-21.
Available at: http://vc.bridgew.edu/undergrad_rev/vol7/iss1/6
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