Relationships between gastrointestinal (GI) problems, anxiety, and depression were investigated in two studies using non-clinical populations. Study 1 measures included the trait anxiety scale from the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Center for Epidemiology Studies Depression scale (CES-D), and the Trauma Symptom Checklist (TSC-40). Study 2 measures included the STAI, and the Profile of Mood States (POMS), portions of which were used to assess anxious mood state and depressed mood state. Trait anxiety predicted stomach cramps; anxious mood state predicted nausea and general GI problems; and depression predicted stomach problems. Findings suggest that psychological factors may be involved in physical symptoms.
Werden, Meghan Rieu
Is it All in Your Mind? Gastrointestinal Problems, Anxiety and Depression.
Undergraduate Review, 5, 113-118.
Available at: http://vc.bridgew.edu/undergrad_rev/vol5/iss1/23
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