Ideological cohesion between Congress and the President: Does the road to the White House matter?
This study examines the impact of US presidential nomination politics on congressional‐executive relations. In particular, we pose the critical question of whether nomination reforms have had any systematic effect on the inter‐branch ideological gap. Using an indicator of liberal voting in Congress and a derived liberalism score for presidents, we analyse the ideological disparity between the branches over a 40‐year period from 1949 to 1993. Results do not support the view offered by Polsby and others that a shift toward more open and participatory decision making in the post‐reform nomination process has increased the probability that presidents will be ideologically distant from their fellow partisans in Congress. Indeed, the situation is quite the opposite, with post‐reform presidents being closer to the ideological centre of gravity of their parties in Congress than are presidents who reached the White House in the pre‐reform era.
Serra, G., Cover, A. D., & Pinney, N. (1997). Ideological cohesion between Congress and the President: Does the road to the White House matter? Journal of Legislative Studies, 3(2), 50-69.
Virtual Commons Citation
Serra, George; Cover, A. D.; and Pinney, N. (1997). Ideological cohesion between Congress and the President: Does the road to the White House matter?. In Political Science Faculty Publications. Paper 44.
Available at: http://vc.bridgew.edu/polisci_fac/44