Title

Muscle dysmorphia symptomatology and extreme drive for muscularity in a 23-year-old woman: A case study

Publication Date

2009

Document Type

Article

Abstract

We describe a 23-year-old woman with muscle dysmorphia symptomatology and extreme drive for muscularity. In addition to structured case study interviews, 3 questionnaires and a series of semistructured interview questions were administered for elaboration on key issues. The case studies allowed for triangulation of data garnered from the questionnaires. Responses revealed high scores for drive for muscularity, moderate scores for the Adonis complex, and high scores for symptoms of muscle dysmorphia. Muscle dysmorphia and drive for muscularity are more prevalent in men; however, unique cases such as this need to be further explored both empirically and theoretically. Cross-cultural references are needed to assess the overall impact of global social influences. Instruments measuring muscle dysmorphia need to be devised and validated for women as well as men. The strength and conditioning professional needs to be both aware and vigilant in helping people affected with psychosomatic disorders such as muscle dysmorphia or exercise addiction.

Original Citation

Leone J.E. (2009). Muscle dysmorphia symptomatology and extreme drive for muscularity in a 23-year-old woman: A case study. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(3), 988-995. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a0547a