The concept of poverty, defined as deprivation of capabilities and feasibilities, in the context of Amartya Sen’s “The Capability Approach” is explained through ideas of “what people can or cannot do” and “what they can be or cannot be” rather than through their income or expense tendencies. In this study, conducted to understand the poverty conditions of women living in Turkey, the participants were asked “what are the things they want to do but cannot do?”, “what do they want to be but cannot be?”, both from the perspective of being deprived of capabilities. The answers given were evaluated from the perspective of The Capability Approach.
In this study, 741 women living in seven different cities selected from seven geographical regions of Turkey were asked to select the things “they want to do but cannot do”, “they want to be but cannot be” among the given statements or write in their own words within “the other” option. In the following section, they were asked to explain why “they cannot do” or “they cannot be”. The answers given are the explanation of on what aspects and why women are deprived; in other words, why they are impoverished. Accordingly, women living in Turkey gave such answers as they cannot travel alone or go on a vacation, cannot drive, cannot live as they wish, and cannot spare time for themselves. When the reasons were asked, they provided mainly such explanations as financial incapability, not being allowed by family elders, social pressure, and lack of self-confidence. Having education and a profession are also stated as the things that the participants most wanted to have but cannot have. Why they cannot have these are explained with reasons as, again, financial incapability, not being allowed by family elders, or not being able to spare time.
Topuz, Senem Kurt and Erkanli, Hülya
Women in Turkey in the Context of Being Deprived of Capabilities and Feasibilities.
Journal of International Women's Studies, 19(2), 1-13.
Available at: http://vc.bridgew.edu/jiws/vol19/iss2/1