Murray A. Straus, Emily Douglas, and Rose Anne Medeiros
Why do parents hit those they love? What effect does it have on children? What can be done to end this pattern? These are some of the questions explored in The Primordial Violence. Featuring data from over 7,000 U.S. families as well as results from a 32-nation study, the book presents the latest research on the extent to which spanking is used in different cultures and the subsequent effects of its use on children and on society. It presents longitudinal data showing that spanking is associated with subsequent slowing of cognitive development and increase in antisocial and criminal behavior. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies are explored in an accessible fashion. An abundance of high quality research has produced findings that are highly consistent from study to study, which show that spanking is a risk factor for aggressive behavior and other social and psychological problems. Because of these findings, the authors argue for policy changes and recommend never spanking. Policy and practical implications are explored in most chapters. The Primordial Violence highlights are the benefits of avoiding spanking such as the development of better interpersonal skills and higher academic achievement, the link between spanking and behavioral problems and crime, and the extent to which spanking is declining and why, despite the unusually high level of agreement between numerous studies that found harmful effects from spanking, most parents continue to spank.
Privacy, mobility, dignity - living in a vehicle offers many advantages over life in a shelter or on the street. Michele Wakin broadens our understanding of homelessness by exploring the growing phenomenon of vehicle living and how it differs from other forms of makeshift housing.
Incorporating both quantitative data and ethnographic work in California, Wakin takes us into the lives of those who call a car, truck, or RV home. She probes the forces that pushed them out of traditional housing, their unique strengths and vulnerabilities in navigating everyday life, and their complex relationships with local communities, law enforcement, and social service providers. Her analysis of this overlooked population illuminates the dynamics that make it so hard to break the cycle of regulation and resistance that impedes the escape from poverty.
Nancy L. Witherell
Model lessons and engaging activities help students apply research-based reading strategies to informational texts so that they can read and comprehend complex texts. Students will learn these key reading strategies:
* finding key details
* determining main idea
* locating text evidence to support an answer
* using text features
* understanding text structure
* summarizing text
* asking and answering questions
* and much more!
Armed with these reading skills, students can successfully tackle complex informational texts and really become independent readers. For use with Grades 3-5.
Marcia K. Anderson and Gail P. Parr
This text integrates basic medical concepts and related scientific information to provide a strong foundation of general athletic training practices. Using a problem-solving approach to prevention, recognition, assessment, management, and disposition of sports-related injuries and diseases, this text provides athletic trainers and athletic training students with the most extensive, challenging content in a user-friendly format. New Content - This edition features a new chapter on Psychological Intervention Strategies.
Bullying is a term that's being, well, bullied. It’s been rendered essentially powerless by being constantly kicked around, writes nationally recognized bullying expert Elizabeth Kandel Englander. In this practical and insightful book, Englander dispels pervasive myths and misconceptions about peer cruelty, bullying, and cyberbullying. Drawing on her own and others' research, she shows how educators can flag problematic behaviors and frame effective responses. Englander puts a special focus on gateway behaviors--those subtle actions that, unchecked, can quickly escalate into more serious misbehavior--and explores how students perceive their own and their peers' behavior.
Written in an accessible, conversational tone and informed by careful research, this timely book is an essential guide for educators. Key takeaways include the impact of technology on social behavior, a framework for responding effectively to bullies--including innovative ideas about the role of social peers--and suggestions for working with parents.
Real Questions: Reading and Writing Genres breaks open the concept of genre and shows students how it works in conversations that they care about. Drawing from a surprising variety of public and academic genres, including creative nonfiction, academic articles, blogs, Twitter posts, brochures, flyers, reviews, online multimodal texts, and public service ads, each chapter takes up a question at the heart of daily life and looks closely at ideas and genres that shape our responses to it. An in-depth introduction, along with carefully scaffolded questions and writing assignments, support students as they analyze writers’ choices and put their understanding of genre to work in their own writing – for real audiences and with real purpose. The print text is now integrated with e-Pages for Real Questions, designed to take advantage of what the Web can do.
Packed with everything you'll need to understand-and be understood by-Brazilian-Portuguese speakers, this pocket guide is the ultimate translator to have on an airplane, in a boardroom, at a restaurant, and anywhere else this beautiful language is spoken. Conveniently organized by subject and situation, this handy guide includes information on: How to make introductions, professionally and casually; Ordering food in restaurants (with phrases for special diets and allergies); Asking for and giving directions; Explaining medical emergencies to doctors; Crafting status updates and tweets online; and Slang phrases for casual chatting.
Complete with Brazilian Portuguese-English and English-Brazilian Portuguese dictionaries for quick reference.
Phyllis Gimbel and Lenesa Leana
Creating conditions for better teaching and learning to occur has become an important responsibility for today’s school leaders. Principals must attend to building and sustaining healthy school cultures. The authors take the reader on a journey through several different situations that occur at the elementary, middle and high school levels and focus on a different and challenging aspect of educational leadership every time. The reader can read and analyze different scenarios and decide whether or not the outcome was the best for all stakeholders involved. Not only do all of the vignettes offer beneficial advice to educational leaders of all levels and experience, but they also provide research that demonstrates how and why each educational leader does what he or she does in each situation and how those choices affect everyone involved.
We believe that these vignettes support the most important quality of school leadership: “Promoting the success of every student by advocating, nurturing, and sustaining a school culture and instructional program conducive to student learning and staff professional growth” (ISLLC Standard 2.0, 2008).
Andrew Holman and Robert B. Kristofferson
More of a Man presents the only known diaries of a skilled craft-worker in Victorian Canada: Andrew McIlwraith, a Scottish journeyman who migrated to North America during a tumultuous period marked by economic depression and early industrial change. McIlwraith’s journals illuminate his quest to succeed financially and emotionally amidst challenging circumstances. The diaries trace his transformations, from an immigrant newcomer to a respected townsman, a wage worker to an entrepreneur, and a bachelor to a married man. Carefully edited and fully annotated by historians Andrew C. Holman and Robert B. Kristofferson, More of a Man features an introduction providing historical context for McIlwraith’s life and an epilogue detailing what happened to him after the diaries end.
The 1890s saw a revolution in advertising. Cheap paper, faster printing, rural mail delivery, railroad shipping, and chromolithography combined to pave the way for the first modern, mass-produced catalogs. The most prominent of these, reaching American households by the thousands, were seed and nursery catalogs with beautiful pictures of middle-class homes surrounded by sprawling lawns, exotic plants, and the latest garden accessories--in other words, the quintessential English-style garden. America's Romance with the English Garden is the story of taste-makers and homemakers, of savvy businessmen and a growing American middle class eager to buy their products. It's also the story of the beginnings of the modern garden industry, which seduced the masses with its images and fixed the English garden in the mind of the American consumer. Seed and nursery catalogs delivered aspirational images to front doorsteps from California to Maine, and the English garden became the look of America.
Training an independent stopped contact allows you, the handler, freer movement around the course, and the ability to get into position to cue upcoming challenges. This book contains 59 training steps designed to be completed over 30 days to improve the specific skills that are critical to achieving a fast, reliable stopped contact performance.
Caroline M. Stanley and David K. Payne
Each chapter of the Study Guide opens with a visual summary that highlights the most important concepts in the chapter and illustrates how those concepts are related. Students then follow a “guided approach” to mastering chapter content. Each section presents a structured reading schedule with priming questions, sets of quiz questions that allow students to make multiple attempts at mastering the same material (with hints and suggestions on where in the textbook to study for particular questions), and study-skills best practices.
Michael Y. Bennett and Benjamin D. Carson
Although Eugene O'Neill's work has generated much scholarship, his one-act plays have not received the critical attention they deserve. Given that O'Neill began his career writing such plays, including his justly famous "Sea Plays," associated with the Provincetown Players, it is surprising that his one-acts have been largely neglected. This collection aims to fill the gap by examining these texts, during what can be considered O'Neill's formative writing years, and the foundational period of American drama. A wide-ranging investigation into O'Neill's one-acts, the contributors shed light on a less-explored part of his career and assist scholars in understanding O'Neill's entire oeuvre.
This book is a culmination of many experiences and conversations about what a beginning teacher needs to know, to understand, and to think about as they are entering the profession. The core tenant of this book is the shift of the paradigm to a student centered classroom inclusive of all types of students. The life experiences and beliefs put forth here are intended to help new teachers make this shift philosophically while they prepare to make the shift in their classroom practices.
Jamie Bronstein and Andrew Harris
Empire, State, and Society assesses the external and internal forces behind Britain's transformation from global superpower to its current position in the twenty-first century. The authors provide an accessible and balanced introduction, which is thoughtfully organized for ease of use for both students and teachers.
Todd R. Clear, George F. Cole, Michael D. Reisig, and Carolyn Petrosino
American Corrections in Brief introduces students to the dynamics of corrections in a way that captures their interest and encourages them to enter the field. The brief paperback nature of this book makes it more approachable, and the well-respected author team has added several key pedagogical elements to help ensure students success. Complete with valuable career-based material, insightful guest speakers, illuminating real-world cases, and uniquely even-handed treatment of institutional and community sanctions, the text examines the U.S. correctional system from the perspectives of both the corrections worker and the offender, providing students with a well-rounded, balanced introduction to corrections.
More than 200 million people worldwide speak the beautiful and alluring language of Brazilian Portuguese. Tapped as a language with the highest possibility for growth internationally, beginners everywhere have begun to study Portuguese, making it one of the most popular languages in the world! This book is the ideal workbook if you're looking to learn the basics of the language, whether you're a beginner or intermediate student.
James E. Leone
Concepts in Male Health: Perspectives Across the Lifespan offers a practical approach to understanding the health of males of all races, ethnicities, socioeconomic status, cultures, ages, and orientations. Each chapter of this book comprehensively reviews an important dimension of male health and examines the contributing historical, epidemiological, psychosocial, cultural-ethical, legal, political, and economic influences. The diverse range of topics allows for complete coverage ranging from body structures and sexuality to aggression and occupational health. The book contains the most recent research and evidence-based science and addresses issues in male health throughout the lifespan in an easy-to-understand format. ??Learning objectives are presented in an accessible format and reflect real life situations. Review questions provided at the end of each chapter address health-specific content included in the chapter and span both the scope and the breadth of the information. This book is ideal for programs in health education, public health, community health nursing, gender studies, and other health sciences.
Decades of Chaos and Revolution: Showdowns for College Presidents is the story and comparison of two eras in the history of higher education. The first era covers the period of the 1960s through the mid-1970s, and the second is the first decade of the twenty-first century. Both decades were marked by events that shook the foundations of colleges and universities, and society as a whole. Nelson weaves an engaging story, told through the eyes of the presidents of the institutions that were involved in the chaos of those eras.
For colleges and universities and their presidents, these two decades are the toughest, most tense and demanding of times in the last hundred years, and likely in the entire history of colleges and universities in America. The enduring images are equal parts chaos and change, revolution and recovery, dashed dreams and unflagging hopes. Nelson asks, of the two eras, which faced the greater challenges? Which era required more profound leadership? And which was the more difficult and demanding of their time to navigate successfully? It is clear that Steve Nelson sees the era of the 1960s and ‘70s as the most difficult. He believes that it was the presidents of that earlier era who confronted dilemmas and controversies unimagined before and not witnessed since.
Decades of Chaos and Revolution presents an insightful picture of the tension and tumult that presidents of the 1960s and ‘70s had no choice but to face. Nelson traces the roots of ideological battles in the university that have persisted over the last sixty years. He examines what worked and what didn’t in the tactics used by presidents in the face of the demands inspired by the protests and politics of the 1960s and shows how they have shaped succeeding generations of presidents. Then he unravels the parallel issues and unfinished business of the 1960s, which evolved in ensuing decades, and with which presidents in the twenty-first century must also grapple.
Foreign Remedies : What the Experience of Other Nations Can Tell Us About Next Steps in Reforming U.S. Health Care
David A. Rochefort and Kevin Donnelly
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act marked a watershed in U.S. health policy, but controversy over its passage rages on, and much uncertainty surrounds the law’s transformation from blueprint into operational program. How can the experience of other nations help us to reconcile the competing goals of universal coverage, cost control, and high quality care? Following an analysis of the 2010 statute, this book surveys developments in different parts of the globe to identify important lessons in health politics, policy design, and program implementation. A concluding chapter examines the issue of resistance to foreign remedies within the process of U.S. health reform.
Heidi R. Bean and Michael Chasar
Poetry after Cultural Studies elucidates the potential of poetry scholarship when joined with cultural studies. In eight searching essays covering an astonishing range of poetic practices, geographical regions, and methodological approaches, this volume reflects on what poetry can accomplish in the broadest social and cultural contexts. From Depression-era Iowa to the postcolonial landscape of French-speaking Martinique, whether appearing in newspapers, correspondences, birders’ field guides, cross-stitches, or television and the internet, the poetry under consideration here is rarely a private, lyrical endeavor. For a great number of people writing, reading, publishing, and using poetry over the past 150 years, verse has not been a retreat from modern life, but a way of engaging with, and even changing, it.
Whether the subject is post cards, talk shows, or verse from places as different as academia and MySpace, as cultural production and as literary trickery, the material examined in this volume demonstrates the central role of poetry as an active cultural presence. By bringing together cultural studies, poetics, and formalist reading without antagonism, Poetry after Cultural Studies looks toward a poetry criticism that does not merely “do” cultural studies but, rather, employs the resources of that discipline to examine an increasingly legible and audible record of poetic practice. Exploring a wide range of poetry from the nineteenth century to the present, Poetry after Cultural Studies showcases the unexpectedly rich intersection of cultural studies theory and current poetry scholarship. These essays show forcefully that cultural studies and poetics—once thought incommensurable—in fact are mutually informative and richer for the effort.
Why did the 1989 Chinese student movement end in violent confrontation at Tiananmen Square, despite the fact that both the Chinese government and the students very much wanted to avoid violence? This puzzle, which lies at the heart of the tragic events at Tiananmen, is addressed here from a fresh perspective that sheds new insight into these dramatic events.
Throughout Unintended Outcomes in Social Movements, Deng applies the formal methods of game theory to elucidate some of the contingent, strategic decision-making by both sides in a social-movement/state confrontation, and how those decisions can – and did - lead to an unintended outcome. In identifying the necessary cause of the Tiananmen tragedy, namely a newly created social system with four highly specific properties, this book provides the first adequate explanation of the Tiananmen events. Because of this, it stands to make a significant stride toward convincing students of political conflict of the explanatory power of formal game-theoretic models.
William J. Devlin and Shai Biderman
From his cult classic television series Twin Peaks to his most recent film Inland Empire (2006), David Lynch is best known for his unorthodox narrative style. An award-winning director, producer, and writer, Lynch distorts and disrupts traditional storylines and offers viewers a surreal, often nightmarish perspective. His unique approach to filmmaking has made his work familiar to critics and audiences worldwide, and he earned Academy Award nominations for Best Director for The Elephant Man (1980), Blue Velvet (1986), and Mulholland Drive (2001).
Lynch creates a new reality for both characters and audience by focusing on the individual and embracing existentialism. In The Philosophy of David Lynch, editors William J. Devlin and Shai Biderman have compiled an impressive list of contributors to explore the philosophy at the core of the filmmaker’s work. Lynch is examined as a postmodern artist, and the themes of darkness, logic, and time are discussed in depth. Other prominent issues in Lynch’s films, such as Bad faith and freedom, ethics, politics, and religion, are also considered. Investigating myriad aspects of Lynch’s influential and innovative work, The Philosophy of David Lynch provides a fascinating look at the philosophical underpinnings of the famous cult director.
Jason Edwards and David Weiss
The American experience has been defined, in part, by the rhetoric of exceptionalism. This book of 11 critical essays explores the notion as it is manifested across a range of contexts, including the presidency, foreign policy, religion, economics, American history, television news and sports. The idea of exceptionalism is explored through the words of its champions and its challengers, past and present. By studying how the principles of American exceptionalism have been used, adapted, challenged, and even rejected, this volume demonstrates the continued importance of exceptionalism to the mythology, sense of place, direction and identity of the United States, within and outside of the realm of politics.
From the critically acclaimed author of The Wake of Forgiveness—“a mesmerizing, mythic saga,” as described by the New York Times—come ten remarkable stories that uncover unexpected beauty in the struggles of the modern American male.
Like Richard Russo, Bruce Machart has a profound knowledge of the male psyche and a gift for conveying the absurdity and brutality of daily life with humor and compassion. Whether they find themselves walking the fertile farmland of south Texas, steering trucks through the suffocating sprawl of Houston, or turning logs into paper in the mills just west of the Sabine River, the men of these stories seek to prove themselves in a world that doesn’t always welcome them. Here are men whose furrows are never quite straight and whose hearts are near to bursting with all the desires they have been told they aren’t supposed to heed.
Douglas B. Rasmussen, Aeon Skoble, and Douglas J. Den Uyl
Tibor R. Machan, one of the most prolific and wide ranging philosophers of our time, has been known internationally for decades through his public speaking, opinion columns, and of course his scholarly writing. This collection of essays seeks to explore Machan’s philosophical ideas by considering some of the basic issues with which he has been concerned throughout his long and highly productive career. The essays range from those concerned with the nature of reality and knowledge to those dealing with the nature of the political/legal order. Topics such as the character of human nature, free choice and responsibility, the justification of individual rights, and the place of justice in the contemporary welfare state—among other basic issues—are discussed in these essays. Because Machan himself dealt with questions of central importance, the essays should appeal to a wide range of interests and disciplines in philosophy and related fields. But the essays are also written by people accomplished in their own right and thus seek not only to comment on Machan, but to make their own contribution to enduring philosophical issues.
Michelle Cox, Jay Jordan, Christina Ortmeier-Hooper, and Gwen Gray Schwartz
Reinventing Identities in Second Language Writing explores how second language writers negotiate identity in a variety of academic and extracurricular settings. This collection offers diverse theoretical and methodological perspectives as well as second language writers' narrative accounts of how they construct identities through personal, school, and professional discourses. A first of its kind, this book focuses extended attention on the identity complexities--including constraints and opportunities--inherent in second language writing. As student populations diversify--in both "mainstream" composition courses and across the curriculum--teachers, scholars, and administrators will benefit from this unique and valuable resource that displays the rich textures of the work that second language writers do to discover and construct their identities through the written word.
Jo-Ann Della Giustina
The higher women climb in society, the more likely a woman will become a victim of fatal violence against (femicide). This study explores the patterns of femicide in medium and large U.S. cities through the examination of macro-structural inequalities of race, gender, and poverty, which contribute to femicide rates.
Innovations in Child and Family Policy : Multidisciplinary Research and Perspectives on Strengthening Children and Their Families
Emily M. Douglas
Innovations in Child and Family Policy tackles many of the common problems and challenges that are considered to be at the heart of child and family policy: family creation, economic support, childrearing, and family caregiving. This collection begins by defining child and family policy and discussing the history of this growing specialization within the social sciences. The main chapters of Innovations in Child and Family Policy address policy and programmatic solutions to problems that face families by topic area: (1) early childhood and education; (2) government interventions with family violence, children's welfare, and the justice system; and (3) supports for children and families. Specifically, the chapters in this book address the availability of child care, family medical leave, special needs children, parents' involvement in their children's education, preventing and addressing child abuse and neglect, children who witness partner violence, child support orders, children of incarcerated fathers, and young adults in the justice system. What makes this book unique is that it contains applied research from many program evaluations or assessments of existing state-level legislation. Social scientists from multiple disciplines examine the efficacy of such programs and policies to make recommendations for expanded or new child and family policies.
Patricia J. Fanning
The influenza epidemic of 1918 was one of the worst medical disasters in human history, taking close to thirty million lives worldwide in less than a year, including more than 500,000 in the United States. What made this pandemic even more frightening was the fact that it occurred when death rates for most common infectious diseases were diminishing. Still, an epidemic is not merely a medical crisis; it has sociological, psychological, and political dimensions as well. The influenza epidemic of 1918 was one of the worst medical disasters in human history, taking close to thirty million lives worldwide in less than a year, including more than 500,000 in the United States. What made this pandemic even more frightening was the fact that it occurred when death rates for most common infectious diseases were diminishing. Still, an epidemic is not merely a medical crisis; it has sociological, psychological, and political dimensions as well. In Influenza and Inequality, Patricia J. Fanning examines these other dimensions and brings to life this terrible episode of epidemic disease by tracing its path through the town of Norwood, Massachusetts.
By 1918, Norwood was a small, ethnically diverse, industrialized, and stratified community. Ink, printing, and tanning factories were owned by wealthy families who lived privileged lives. These industries attracted immigrant laborers who made their homes in several ethnic neighborhoods and endured prejudice and discrimination at the hands of native residents. When the epidemic struck, the immigrant neighborhoods were most affected; a fact that played a significant role in the town’s response—with tragic results.
This close analysis of one town’s struggle illuminates how even well-intentioned elite groups may adopt and implement strategies that can exacerbate rather than relieve a medical crisis. It is a cautionary tale that demonstrates how social behavior can be a fundamental predictor of the epidemic curve, a community’s response to crisis, and the consequences of those actions.
Congressional Representation & Constituents: The Case for Increasing the U.S. House of Representatives
The U.S. House of Representatives has been frozen at 435 members for almost a century, and in that time the nation’s population has grown by more than 200 percent. With the number of citizens represented by each House member now dramatically larger, is a major consequence of this historical disparity a diminished quality of representation?
Brian Frederick uses empirical data to scrutinize whether representation has been undermined by keeping a ceiling on the number of seats available in the House. He examines the influence of constituency size on several metrics of representation—including estimating the effects on electoral competition, policy responsiveness, and citizen contact with and approval of their representatives—and argues that now is the time for the House to be increased in order to better represent a rapidly growing country.
Texas, 1910. Karel rides in the ultimate high-stakes race against a powerful Spanish patriarch and his alluring daughters. Hanging in the balance are his father's fortune, his brother's futures, and his own fate. Fourteen years later, with the stake of the race still driven hard between him and his brothers, Karel is finally forced to dress the wounds of his past and to salvage the tattered fabric of his family.
Marcia K. Anderson, Gail P. Parr, and Susan J. Hall
This text integrates basic medical concepts and related scientific information to provide a strong foundation of general athletic training practices. Using a problem-solving approach to prevention, recognition, assessment, management, and disposition of sports-related injuries and diseases, this text provides athletic trainers and athletic training students with the most extensive, challenging content in a user-friendly format.
This edition features a full-color art program and more extensive injury photographs. Anatomy line art superimposed onto a real human helps students visualize the location of key muscles, nerves, and blood vessels.
Sovereignty, Separatism, and Survivance : Ideological Encounters in the Literature of Native North America
This collection, broad in its scope, explores rich and multi-faceted literary works by and about Native Americans from the 'long' early American period to the present. What links these essays is a concern for the ways in which Native Americans have navigated, negotiated, and resisted dominant white ideology since the founding of the Republic. Importantly, these essays are historically situated and consider not only the ways in which indigenous peoples are represented in American literature and history, but pay much needed attention to the actual lived experiences of Native Americans inside and outside of native communities. By addressing cross-cultural protest, resistance to dominant white ideology, the importance to Natives of land and land redress, sovereignty, separatism, and cultural healing, "Sovereignty, Separatism, and Survivance" contributes to our understanding of the discrepancy between ideological representations of native peoples and the real-life consequences those representations have for the ways in which indigenous peoples live out their daily lives.