Social Cohesion, Collective Efficacy, and the Response of a Cape Verdean Community to Hate Crime: Learning a New Reality
How a neighborhood responds to a hate crime is important for combatting these wrongdoings. Since these acts are often proxies for power dynamics involving the “superior” perpetrator controlling the “inferior” victim, effective responses from the victim’s community are essential. However, these same communities, especially poor minority ones, are often socially disorganized and find it challenging to address the complex problems that stem from poverty. This exploratory study observes how a Cape Verdean community in the Northeast responded to racially motivated hate crimes that occurred there. Using the theoretical framework of social disorganization theory, social cohesion, and collective efficacy, the central questions asked in this study are the following: How did this community respond to these crimes? To what extent did social cohesion and collective efficacy shape its response? Interviews of community leaders were conducted to answer these questions. Results indicate that despite social cohesion on some levels, the lack of collective efficacy prevented the Cape Verdean community from articulating and implementing a strong response to these hate crimes.
Petrosino, C. & Pace, J. (2015). Social Cohesion, Collective Efficacy, and the Response of a Cape Verdean Community to Hate Crime: Learning a New Reality. American Behavioral Scientist, 59(13), 1681-1697. doi: 10.1177/0002764215588818.
Virtual Commons Citation
Petrosino, Carolyn and Pace, James (2015). Social Cohesion, Collective Efficacy, and the Response of a Cape Verdean Community to Hate Crime: Learning a New Reality. In Criminal Justice Faculty Publications. Paper 24.
Available at: http://vc.bridgew.edu/crim_fac/24