Title

The elevation of cellular phosphatidic acid levels caused by polyomavirus transformation can be disassociated from the activation of phospholipase D

Publication Date

1997

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Middle T (mT), the oncogene of murine polyomavirus, causes transformation of rat fibroblasts by activating a number of signal transducing pathways usually used by polypeptide growth factors and their receptors. Here, we report data regarding the activation of signal transducing pathways involving phospholipase D (PL-D). The hydrolysis of phospholipids by PL-D produces phosphatidic acid (PA), a compound with multiple biological effects. The PA content of cells expressing wild-type mT, introduced via a number of different methods, is approximately 50% higher than their untransformed counterparts. This increase in cellular PA content is associated with an approximately 65% increase in PL-D activity in cells expressing wild-type mT. We have also examined the effects of a number of site-directed mutants of mT, on both cellular PA levels and on PL-D activity. Mutants that do not produce mT (Py808A) or that produce a truncated, nonmembrane bound mT (Py1387T) have PA levels similar to that of control cells. Cells expressing the 322YF mutant of mT (which abolishes interaction of mT with phospholipase C γ1) show increases in both PA levels and PL-D activity that are similar to those seen with wild-type mT. Expression of mutants that abolish the interaction of mT with either shc or with phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (250YS and 315YF, respectively) cause an increase in PL-D activity comparable to that seen with wild-type mT. However, the PA content of cells expressing these mutants is not elevated. These results suggest that mT causes activation of cellular PL-D, but this activation alone is not sufficient to cause an increase in cellular PA content. Therefore, wild-type mT must affect another, as yet unknown, step in PA metabolism.

Original Citation

Vasudevan C., Freund R., Gorga F.R. (1997). The elevation of cellular phosphatidic acid levels caused by polyomavirus transformation can be disassociated from the activation of phospholipase D. Virology, 233(2), 392-401. https://doi.org/10.1006/viro.1997.8630