In the last quarter of the nineteenth century there developed in. Europe and America a new style in the decorative arts known as the Arts and Crafts movement. It rejected the excesses, pretense and formality of Victorian style homes and furnishings. It also found fault with mass-produced objects in which the design and application of machine-made furnishings showed little regard for function, sturdy construction, pleasing proportions, the natural beauty of materials or the skills of hand-craftsmanship.
Dunn, Roger T.
Cultural Commentary: The American Arts and Crafts Movement (c. 1880-1920).
Bridgewater Review, 3(1), 23-27.
Available at: http://vc.bridgew.edu/br_rev/vol3/iss1/12